The age of consent in Africa for sexual activity varies by jurisdiction across the continent. It ranges from age 12 in Angola to age The specific activity engaged in or the gender of its participants can also affect this age and the legality of sexual activity.
Below is a discussion of the various laws dealing with this subject. The highlighted age refers to an age at or above which an individual can engage in unfettered sexual relations with another person who is also at Minimal man consexual 320 above that age. The below is a list of all jurisdictions in Africa as listed in List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa.
The age of consent in Algeria is 16 for vaginal intercourse. As well as all same-sex sexual conduct, Articleand "outrages to public decency", Article The punishment for both the first two activities with those under 18 years of age is more severe for the older participant. The age of consent is 16but homosexuality is punishable by 7 years' imprisonment.
Under the Minimal man consexual 320 Penal Code of in Frenchthe age of consent in Burundi for heterosexuals both men and "Minimal man consexual 320" is 18 years. The age of consent in Cameroon is The age of consent in Ceuta for both males and females is 16as it is under Spanish sovereignty, as of 1 July The age of consent in Chad is 14 for girls, even if she is married, but the ban is rarely enforced.
The age of consent in the Comoros is The age of consent in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is 14 for females and 18 for males. Effectively this means the age of consent is lower than 18, especially in rural areas; in The age of consent in Egypt is 18 years, for heterosexual males and females. Sex work is illegal and the sex work law has been used against male and female homosexuals. The age of consent in Eritrea is 18as stipulated by Article The minimum age for consensual sex is 18 years.
Early childhood marriage is especially common in rural areas, where some girls are married as young as 7 years old. The age of consent in the French Southern and Antarctic Lands for both males and females is 15as it is under French sovereignty.
The age of consent is The age of consent in Kenya is 18 years, as children are defined under 18 and are not able to give consent. The age of consent in Liberia is The age of consent was raised to 18, from 16, in During the Gaddafi government, the regular age of consent was 18, but 16 years old women could be married as long the parents consented. Pre-marital sex was illegal. After the revolution, the age of consent limit was removed. Presently, there is no defined age of consent, although sex is not allowed outside Minimal man consexual 320 marriage.
Age of consent is 14 years, according to article in the Criminal Law. In certain cases, including relatives and homosexuals, it is 21 years.
Minimal man consexual 320 Thus, many acts surrounding the age of consent could be considered illegal. Any person who has sexual intercourse with a female ' under the age of sixteen 16even with consentshall be liable to penal servitude not exceeding ten 10 years.
The age of consent in Madeira for both males and females is 14as it is under Portuguese sovereignty.
The age of consent in Mayotte for both males and females is 15as it is under French sovereignty. The age of consent in Melilla for both males and females is 16as it is under Spanish sovereignty, as of 1 July The age of consent is 18per Art. In Niger, the age of consent is 13 years. The age of consent is 18 years. Also Sections 21 and 22 of the same Act prohibit Child marriage or betrothal. The age of consent in Plazas de soberania for both males and females is 16as it is under Spanish sovereignty, as of 1 July Sex with a minor is punishable by up to 5 years in prison and a fine of 10, CFA.
The age of consent in Senegal is 16 Article deals with children under 16; Article deals with children under Homosexual sex is illegal. According to the U. State Departmentthe Seychelles age of consent is "traditionally understood" to be 15 but that the country's statutes "fail to clearly define the ages of consent and legal majority"; according to the State Department this causes confusion in regards to the "traditionally understood" age of consent and the age of majority of 18 and therefore complicates enforcement of the law.
Article 29 of the national constitution of Somalia defines a child as any Minimal man consexual 320 under the age of 18, and stipulates that "every child has the right to be protected from mistreatment, neglect, abuse, or degradation.
Section 15 "statutory rape" prohibits the commission of " an act of sexual penetration with a child who is 12 years of age or older but under Minimal man consexual 320 age of 16 years ", while section 16 "statutory sexual assault" prohibits the commission of " an act of sexual violation with a child who is 12 years of age or older but under the age of 16 years ". Under the Roman-Dutch common law there was a conclusive presumption that girls under the age of 12 were unable to consent to sexual intercourse.
The Girls' and Mentally Defective Women's Protection Act,which replaced the differing age of consent laws of the four colonies that formed the Union of South Africa, criminalised sexual intercourse between a man and a girl under the age of sixteen unless they were married.
This act was replaced by a similar prohibition in section 14 Minimal man consexual 320 the Immorality Act, Although sex between men was already illegal, prohibited by the common law as " sodomy " or " unnatural sexual acts ", the Immorality Act also criminalised sexual intercourse between a man and a boy under sixteen.
The Immorality Amendment Act,which was enacted in response to Minimal man consexual 320 national moral panic over homosexuality, raised to 19 the age below which the Immorality Act prohibited sex between males.
The Immorality Amendment Act, inserted mirror provisions applying to women, prohibiting intercourse between a woman and a boy under 16 or a girl under The Interim Constitutionwhich came into force inprohibited discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, as does the final Constitution which replaced in As a result, the Constitutional Court struck down the laws prohibiting homosexual sex in the case of National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian Equality v Minister of Justice.
That case did not, however, address the difference between Minimal man consexual 320 heterosexual and homosexual ages of consent in section 14 of the Sexual Offences Act.