Conceived and designed the experiments: The phylogenetic position and evolution of Hemidactylus anamallensis family Gekkonidae has been much debated in recent times. Sincethis species has been assigned to Hemidactylusbut there is much disagreement between authors regarding its phylogenetic position within this genus. In a recent molecular study H. However, this study did not include genera closely allied to Hemidactylusthus a robust evaluation of this hypothesis was not undertaken.
The objective of this study was to investigate the phylogenetic position "Photo bio centre in bangalore dating" H. To this end, several nuclear and mitochondrial markers were sequenced from H. These sequences in conjunction with published sequences were subjected to multiple phylogenetic analyses. Furthermore the nuclear dataset was also subjected to molecular dating analysis to ascertain the divergence between H.
Results showed that H.
The divergence estimates supported a scenario wherein H. Based Photo bio centre in bangalore dating these molecular evidence and biogeographical scenario we suggest that the genus Dravidogecko should be resurrected.
Hemidactylus anamallensisa gekkonid endemic to the Western Ghats of South India has undergone many taxonomic revisions, yet its phylogenetic position and taxonomic status remains unresolved. This species was originally described as a member of Hoplodactylus a genus in the family Diplodactylidae that is confined to New Zealand.
Underwood  and Kluge  also demonstrated that Dravidogecko was a gekkonid gecko and not a member of the family Diplodactylidae.
"Photo bio centre in bangalore dating" Russell  on the basis of digital structure hypothesised that Dravidogecko was closely related to Hemidactylus group within family Gekkonidae. Later, Bauer and Russell  synonymised Dravidogecko as Hemidactylusrenaming it as Hemidactylus anamallensisbecause there were no morphological features that were unique to Dravidogecko when compared with Hemidactylus.
They also suggested that H. Hemidactylus is a species rich genus with recognised species  distributed worldwide and has been identified predominantly on the basis of its phalangeal taxonomy . Russell  suggested that the genera BribaCosymbotusDravidogecko and Teratolepis also belong to Hemidactylus. Carranza and Arnold  undertook one of the most comprehensive phylogenetic studies of Hemidactylus based on mitochondrial 12S rRNA and cytochrome b sequenced from 30 species sampled from around the world.
Their phylogeny retrieved five well supported clades. Three subsequent studies that included additional species around 14 also retrieved the aforementioned clades  — .
In Carranza and Arnold  phylogeny Cosymbotus distributed in Southeast Asia and Briba monotypic genus from Brazil were deeply nested within the Hemidactylus group, hence they synonymised these genera with Hemidactylus. Therefore, they synonymised it with Hemidactylusrenaming it as Hemidactylus imbricatus. These studies did not include H. Thus, its affinity to Hemidactylus based on morphological data needs to be evaluated using molecular data.
Within the Hemidactylus radiation, H. Whereas Bauer et al. Thus, both the above scenarios would predict H. These scenarios are in sharp contrast to Bauer and Russell's  hypothesis, wherein they considered H.
These putative phylogenetic positions of H. Interestingly, in a recent molecular work by Bansal and Karanth H. However, in their study genera closely allied to Hemidactylus were not included, thus a robust evaluation of the phylogenetic position of H.
Therefore, the authors called for a re-examination of its allocation to the genus Hemidactylus with additional molecular data from related genera. To this end, several nuclear and mitochondrial markers were sequenced from multiple H.
These alignments were then subjected to multiple phylogenetic analyses. Results from these analyses in conjunction with molecular dating were used to understand the origin and biogeography of H. All tree building methods retrieved a strongly supported clade consisting of the genera Agamura, Crossobamon, Cyrtodactylus, Cyrtopodian, Geckoella, Hemidactylus, Stenodactylus and Tropicolotes. Members of this clade, henceforth referred to as deletion clade, also shared a 21 bp deletion in the C-mos gene Bayesian tree shown in Photo bio centre in bangalore dating 1a and b.
The relationships between members of the deletion clade were also identical across tree-building methods.