A pink triangle has been a symbol for various LGBT identities, initially intended as a badge of shamebut later reclaimed as a positive symbol of self-identity. In Nazi Germany in the s and s, it began as one of the Nazi concentration camp badgesdistinguishing those imprisoned because they had been identified by authorities as homosexual men,  a category that also included bisexual men and transgender women.
In Nazi concentration campseach prisoner was required to wear a downward-pointing, equilateral triangular cloth Holocaust homosexual symbol on their chest, the color of which identified Holocaust homosexual symbol reason for their imprisonment.
Later, the use of a pink triangle was established for prisoners identified as homosexual men, which also included bisexual men and transgender women.
Prisoners wearing a pink triangle were harshly treated, even by other prisoners. While the number assigned a pink triangle in German concentration camps is hard to estimate, Richard Plant — author of The Pink Triangle: The Nazi War Against Homosexuals — gives a rough estimate of the number convicted for homosexuality "between to at between 50, and 63,".
After the camps were liberated at the end of the Second World War, many of the prisoners imprisoned for homosexuality were re-incarcerated by the Allied -established Federal Republic of Germany. Rudolf Brazdaone of the last known homosexual concentration camp survivors, died on August 3, at the age of In the s, newly active European and North American gay liberation advocates began to use the pink triangle to raise awareness of "Holocaust homosexual symbol" use in Nazi Germany.
Furter wears a "Holocaust homosexual symbol" triangle badge on one of his outfits. Das ist doch schon lange vorbei That was such a long Holocaust homosexual symbol ago In the s, the pink triangle was increasingly used not just as a memorial but as a positive symbol of both self and community identity. It commonly represented both gay and lesbian identity, and was incorporated into the logos of such organizations and businesses. It was also used by individuals, sometimes discretely or ambiguously as an "insider" code unfamiliar to the general public.
In the s, a pink triangle enclosed in a green circle came to be commonly used as a symbol identifying " safe spaces " for LGBT people at work or in school. The pink triangle served as the basis for Holocaust homosexual symbol " biangles ", a symbol of bisexual identity which consists of pink and blue triangles overlapping in a lavender or purple area.
The pink and blue symbolize either homosexuality and heterosexuality, or female and male gender, reflecting bisexuals' attraction to both. The symbol of the pink triangle has been included in numerous public monuments and memorials. Inafter a decade of campaigning for it, a pink triangle plaque was installed at the Dachau Memorial Museum to commemorate the suffering of gay men and lesbians. Until there was an unofficial ban on placing pink triangle wreaths at the United Kingdom war memorial the Cenotaphand such wreaths were removed as soon as they were found Holocaust homosexual symbol officials.
Pink triangle Winkel in German memorial for gay men killed at Buchenwald. In the Berlin Nollendorfplatz subway stationa pink triangle plaque honors gay male victims. Amsterdam's Homomonument uses pink triangles symbolically to memorialize gay men killed in Holocaust homosexual symbol Holocaust and also victims of anti-gay violence generally. Sydney Gay and Lesbian Holocaust Memorial. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Weezer song, see Pink Triangle song.
For the British audio manufacturer, see Pink Triangle audio manufacturer. The Nazi War against Homosexuals revised ed. Transgenders and Nazi Germany". Retrieved August 22, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
Retrieved 24 August Male Homosexuality in West Germany: Between Persecution and Freedom, Interdisciplinary Approaches to Genders and Sexualities. Retrieved 22 August Journal of the History of Holocaust homosexual symbol. Archived from the original on In the early s, gay rights organizations in Germany and the United States launched campaigns to reclaim the pink triangle.
In the German gay liberation group Homosexuelle Aktion Westberlin HAW called upon gay men to wear the pink triangle as a memorial. American Journal of Public Health. Recognizing the history of the pink triangle".
Retrieved 27 April Changing Corporate America from Inside Out: Lesbian and Gay Workplace Rights. Retrieved 1 June Lush Fresh Handmade Cosmetics.